NIGERIAN INVENTORS

NIGERIAN INVENTORS:

Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) was an American inventor (also known as the Wizard of Menlo Park) whose many inventions revolutionized the world, and patented 1,093 inventions. Edison, when he visited the Eiffel Tower in Paris, France, and was marvelled by the structure, was quoted as saying that: "Genius is one percent inspiration, and 99 percent perspiration’’. Bill Gates, an American business magnate, investor, author, philanthropist, and co-founder of the Microsoft Corporation is a classic example. Coming back home in Nigeria, the common urge is to search for white collar jobs.One of such brilliant inventors was Prof. Ayodele Awojobi, a Nigerian academic, author, inventor, social crusader and activist, who, in 1974, invented a vehicle called ‘Autonov.’ He was considered a scholarly genius by his teachers and peers. Nigerian born Dr. Phillip Emeagwali, designers of the world’s fastest computer first came into the limelight in 1989, when he won the prestigious ‘Gordon Bell Prize’ for his work with massively parallel computers. With over 41 inventions submitted to the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, Philip Emeagwali is making big waves in the super- computer industry. Mohammed Bah Abbah in 2001, invented a refrigerating device that doesn't use electricity; but uses a simple law of Physics’ Heat of Evaporation. A small earthenware pot placed inside a large one. The space between the two is then filled with moist sand. Food items to be preserved are then put in the inner smaller pot i.e. fruits, soft drinks, vegetable and a wet cloth cover the whole setup. Then as the water in the moist sand evaporates through the larger pot, it carries heat away from the inner
core of the whole contraption. There are lots of people undiscovered, whose wealth of creativity may just rot away just like that!
In the process, endowed people fail to utilize their brains for gainful accomplishments.

UTILIZE YOUR BRAINS & SKILLS

You too could use your brains, intellect, wisdom, and creative talents to invent. Several thousands of people have been known to excel in different areas. Large numbers of Nigerians are doing well in music, acting, arts, crafts, small and medium sized investments, barbing, sewing, tailoring and other areas. Some went into the financial services sector and used their acumen to emerge leaders. Mike Adenuga’s GLOBACOM is a product of reslience and raw fortitude of confronting established foreign companies. Olayiwola Fatai Olagunju aka Fatai Rolling Dollar, an indigene of Ede, Osun State rediscovered his talents at over 70 years old when practically everybody thought he was finished after a lull. Fatai Rolling Dollar was described by the BBC as a nationally celebrated performer  who left the scene at the age of 86, following the call by the Creator.
You too could join them by being committed, dedicated, and resilient to whichever goal you decide to pursue. You don’t have to run abroad before you succeed in life. Many of them like Aliko Dangote, Tony Elumelu, Sade Adu, King Sunny Adé, Sikiru Ayinde Barrister, Ebenezer Obey, Lagbaja, Nike Davies-Okundaiye, Ajoke Silva, Mo Abudu, Omotola Jalade-Ekeinde, and Osita Iheme (Pawpaw the Actor) have carved their names in gold. Catering is really not for the poor. Biodun Obakin, proprietor of BIOBAK KITCHENS with branches in Abuja and Lagos was a laboratory technologist. Florence Ita-Giwa, (Mama Bakassi) a former Senator of the Federal Republic and socialite owns the Echoes of Calabar Kitchens and has not relented in her service to her Bakassi community.

NIGERIA IS CAPABLE OF EMERGING A GLOBAL POWER

Nigeria’s economy constitutes 76 per cent of the economy of the Economic Community of West African States, ECOWAS. Nigeria also holds 30 per cent of the economy in sub-Saharan Africa, and 21 per cent of Africa’s economy. The country boasts of the highest pool of highly educated and trained manpower in Africa, in addition to its large population which offers the largest market for investors in Africa. Poor management of the almost limitless and vast human and material resources available over the years has been identified as the bane of Nigeria since independence. From a steadily growing economy sustained by agriculture over four decades ago, the revenue accruing to the nation grew rather steeply, giving rise to the phenomenon of over-reliance on crude oil for economic development. Additionally,  greater attention and emphasis must be accorded reforms, especially institutional, fiscal, economic, political and legal reforms, which are believed to be capable of promoting good governance. In the attempts to BUILD A GREATER NIGERIA, Nigerians must be carried along as true partners in the implementation process. An understanding of how Government and the people should synergize would definitely propel you to be a true patriot that would do your very best for your dear country.

 

A popular television star,’ Chief Zebrudiah’, a dramatist, once featured in a television jingle, playing the part of ‘’Andrew’’, a pseudo name Nigerian who was fed up with the situation of things in the country and desperately wanted to travel out or ‘’check out’’ of Nigeria; as the phrase was used. That was coined in 1984, when ‘Operation War Against Indiscipline’, a programme that was designed as part of the social reform agenda of Government was introduced. Many of those who attempt to travel out illegally face dire consequences. These experiences can have deep and long-lasting effects on a young person’s self esteem and confidence, as well as their sense of hope and control over their lives. ‘’The impact of trauma on a young person can be all encompassing, robbing them of their future. ‘’They may have high levels of anxiety, sufferlng from grief, loss, bereavement, and depression. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder may be present through persistent memories and nightmares, intrusive thoughts, disturbed sleep, difficulty thinking, concentrating and remembering events. They may have a distrust and fear of strangers, and be unable to connect emotionally. ‘’They may fear being alone or have unrealistic fear of dark places and be constantly on guard for danger and overact to situations. Many times, they have displaced anger, they may lack control over violent or impulsive behaviour and have a tendency towards hysteria and tantrums’’ (particularly in the young). (Ogunbadejo, Gloria: Thinking About Refugees, Trauma and Survival) Definitely, embarking on trips that could turn people into refugees is not a viable option for a wise person. In the course of compiling this account, I read a piece by a man of God imbued with great wisdom, Pastor Enoch Adejare Adeboye’s message in the ‘Open Heavens Devotional’ of August 14, 2017 is instructive: ‘’Do not allow the devil to lead you into committing crimes. Pastor Adeboye submits that people with inordinate desires are easily trapped into committing crimes; and ultimately, such people don’t end well. Why must someone head to the advanced world simply to go to prison; and that is if such misadventure doesn’t lead to death in the desert or the oceans that illegal immigrants use to attempt to cross to developed nations?’’

Building a Greater Nigeria is a collective task that should not be abandoned. Nigeria is the largest black nation in the world, harbouring over twenty percent of the population of Africa. Crude oil prices have fallen so drastically that a reconfiguration of the political and economic space has become imperative. It is noteworthy that countries of the far East, such as Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and China, which had the same GNP as Nigeria in 1960, have since multiplied theirs several times. Citizens of those countries patriotically laboured to build their economies and institutions. They never ran away for a situation they would still have come to meet. You could join the team that is rebuilding Nigeria  with sincerity of purpose. What Nigeria requires are consistency in policy formulation and implementation, transparency, accountability, the enthronement of due process, and fiscal discipline. The strategic position and influence of Nigeria in Africa, over the decades, place great demands, burden and strains on the country as a model for several other African nations. Nigeria is widely regarded as the engine of the economy of West-Africa, a motivator of the African Union, and the catalyst of African renaissance. Such is the importance of Nigeria in global politics that it is believed that whatever happens in Nigeria has the possibility of reverberating to other nations in the continent. Nigeria is abundantly endowed with human and material resources that could sustain a broad-based growth and development. The way to view the situation is to think about what becomes of the society if everbody decides to travel out of Nigeria in search of greener pastures. Does it ever occur to you that outsiders will not be able to solve Nigeria’s problems for Nigeria and that Nigerians themselves will solve the nation’s problems better than any foreigner? Getting out of the country could only successfully lead a temporary measure because the problems will stare all in the face, since you have dependent relatives in the country. Therefore, it is better to resolve to succeed in life in Nigeria by contributing to the major requirement of building a virile polity through the promotion of Good Governance. This is the only panacea to the problem confronting Nigeria.

Saheed Adepoju
He is the inventor of the INYE-1 & 2, tablet computers designed for the African market.
Saheed is the Co-founder of Encipher Limited, a Nigerian-based technology company that introduced the first android-powered tablet into Nigeria. The INYE-1, which was unveiled in April 2010 is a 7-inch resistive screen tablet. It runs android 2.1 and allows users to connect to the internet using its inbuilt WIFI card and to use an external 3G modem from GSM networks. It offers about 3 hours of battery life and allows HDMI output to HDMI capable devices.
INYE-2, which was unveiled in May 2011, is an 8-inch capacitive screen tablet. It runs Android 2.2 and allows users to connect to the internet using its inbuilt Wi-Fi card as well as its inbuilt SIM. It offers about 8 hours of battery life and allow users to connect to other USB devices.
2. Seyi Oyesola
He is credited with the co-invention of Compact OR or the “Hospital in a Box”, a solar-powered life-saving operating room which can be transported to remote areas of Africa and set up within minutes.
Seyi is a Nigerian trained doctor and inventor. He received his basic science and medical education at the University of Lagos, Nigeria, with specialist training in Anaesthesia and Critical Care in the United Kingdom and United States. In order to help bring surgical care to every region of the continent, Seyi co-developed CompactOR, or the “Hospital in a Box”: a portable medical system that contains anesthetic and surgical equipment. One major advantage of this invention is that the operating suite is light enough to be dropped into inaccessible zones by helicopter and it can be powered by solar panels.
3. Jelani Aliyu
He is credited with designing General Motors’ leading auto brand, Chevrolet Volt.
Bio: Jelani was born in Kaduna State, Nigeria in 1966. He originates from Sokoto State, Nigeria and earned an associate degree in Architecture from Birnin Kebbi Polytechnic in 1988. Upon graduation from the Polytechnic, Jelani worked at the Ministry of Works, Sokoto before pursuing additional education in the United states. He graduated in 1994 with a degree in Automobile Design from the College for Creative Studies, Detroit, Michigan and was hired by General Motors.
4. Ndubuisi Ekekwe
He is credited with the development of microchips used in minimally invasive surgical robots

Ndubuisi is the founder of First Atlantic Semiconductors & Microelectronics Ltd. He holds a U.S. Patent on a microchip used in minimally invasive surgical robotsand was part of the team that created XL sensor inside the iPhone and iPad.
5. Col. Oviemo Ovadje (Rtd)
Oviemo is a Nigerian medical Doctor who is credited with the invention of the Emergency Auto Transfusion System (EAT-SET), which is an effective, low-cost and affordable blood auto-transfusion mechanism that saves patients in developing countries. He has patented the invention in nine (9) countries.
Oviemo was born in Nigeria and hails from Delta State. He began working on the invention in 1989 with $120 dollars. In 1995, he was declared best African scientist and founded EATSET Industries, in April 2001. The United Nation Development Program (UNDP) and the government of Nigeria funded the EAT-SET Project, with the World Health Organization (WHO) acting as the executing agency and providing assistance in the coordination of the project.
He has received many international awards including:
*.OAU-WIPO Best African Scientist Gold Medal, Geneva Switzerland (1995);
*.Winner Promex Medal Geneva, Switzerland (1998);
*.First African Winner World Health Organisation Sasakawa Gold Medal, Geneva, Switzerland, (2000);
*.Winner ARCO Gold Medal, The Dorchester, UK, (2001);
*.Winner Army Council Medal, Nigeria Army, Army Head Quarters, Abuja, Nigeria.
6. Cyprian Emeka Uzoh
Credits: He holds more than 126 United States issued patents and over 160 patents worldwide in semiconductor technology including U.S. Patent No. 6709562,“method of making electroplated interconnection structures on integrated circuit chips”, which earned him the inventor of the year award in 2006 from the New York Intellectual Property Association.

7. Kunle Olukotun
He is well known for leading the Stanford Hydra research project which developed one of the first chip multiprocessors with support for thread-level speculation (TLS).

Bio: Kunle is a Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Stanford University. He received his Ph.D. in Computer Engineering from The University of Michigan. He is the founder of Afara Websystems (later acquired by Sun Microsystems), a company that builds servers surrounding a custom high-throughput CPU architecture and develops IP traffic management systems for high-throughput, low power server systems with chip multiprocessor technology.

8. Sebastine Chinonye Omeh

He is best known for his research into the use of wind-propelled turbines to generate electricity.

Bio: Sebastine is the Managing Director of Hybrid Micro Machine Products Limited. He is from Ogrute town in Igbo-Eze North Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. He is a graduate of engineering from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Challenged by the energy crisis in Nigeria, and the need to develop indigenous technology he conducted research into the use of wind-propelled turbines to generate electricity, thereby pioneering wind energy technology in Nigeria.

9. Shehu Saleh Balami

He is credited with designing a solid-fuel rocket.

Bio: Since year 2000, Shehu Balami, a Nigerian Engineer has been involved in designing rockets. He is a graduate of Mechanical Engineering from the Federal University of Technology (FUT), Minna, Niger State. He has produced two solid fuel rockets which were launched along the new Kaduna Millennium City Road in Kaduna State. In 2008, with the support of his friends and family members, he was able to build his first rocket which he later modified in 2011. The solid-fuel rocket was produced under the auspices of the Movement for the Propagation of Science and Technology in Nigeria.

10. Yemi Adesokan
He was selected by expert judges of the Technology Review of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the United States of America for his discovery work on drug-resistant infections. He was honored by the MIT in 2011 because of his innovative work.
Bio: Yemi is a Nigerian born and United States-based founder of Pathogenica Inc. Medical experts are of the view that his innovation may bring an end to the problem of drug resistance in the world particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa. His discovery work was carried out by a biotechnology start-up that he founded with Professor George Churchof Harvard Medical School DNA technology.
11. Ume Ifeanyi Charles
He is credited with five (5) inventions all of which were patented at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). These are:
*.Method and Apparatus for Measuring Thermally Induced Warpage in Printed Wiring Boards Using Shadow Moir, United States Patent No. 5601364, Feb. 11,1997;
*.Method and Apparatus for Measuring Thermal Warpage Using Projection Moir, United States Patent No. 6564166 B1, May 13, 2003;
*.Object Inspection Method and System, United States Patent No. 6747268, June 8, 2004;
*.Inspection System and Methods, United States Patent No. 7492449,February 17, 2009; and
*.Ultrasound Systems and Method for Measuring Weld Penetration Depth in Real Time and Off Line, United States Patent No. 7762136, July 27, 2010.
Ifeanyi is a professor at Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia. He is a recipient of the Donald P. Eckman Education Award in recognition of his contributions towards education of mechatronics throughout the world. In 2010, he was also awarded the Electronics and Photonic Packaging Division (EPPD) Excellence in Mechanics Award.

12. Aloysius Anaebonam
He holds about 12 U.S. Patents including the following:
*. Extended release acetaminophen,Patent number: 6254891, July 3, 2001;
*. Extended release acetaminophen particles,Patent number: 6126967, October 3, 2000;
*. Pleasant-tasting aqueous liquid composition of a bitter-tasting drug,Patent number: 5962461, October 5, 1999;
*. Pleasant-tasting aqueous liquid composition of a bitter-tasting drug,Patent number: 5763449, June 9, 1998;
*. Composition and process for prevention and treatment of cutaneous immediate hypersensitivity reactions,Patent number: 5684037, November 4, 1997;
*. Composition and process for prevention and treatment of cutaneous immediate hypersensitivity reactions,Patent number: 5684038, November 4, 1997;
*. Terfenadine oral granules,Patent number: 5626879, May 6, 1997;
*. Process for treating uremic pruritus,Patent number: 5576346, November 19, 1996;
*. Process for treating hemangioma, Patent number: 5552436
*. Composition and process for prevention and treatment of cutaneous immediate hypersensitivity reactions,Patent number: 5532270, July 2, 1996; and*.
Terfenadine oral powder,Patent number: 5455049, October 3, 1995.
Bio: Aloysius holds a Bachelor of Pharmacy degree from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka and M.S. and Ph.D. in Industrial Pharmacy from the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy, Boston Massachusetts. He is the Founder & Chief Scientist of BREEJ Technologies, Inc., a developer and marketer of advanced treatment cosmetics products for problem skin.
13.Mohammed Bah Abbah
Although he holds no patent on this invention, he is credited with taking on the challenge of making accessible the “pot-in-pot refrigerator” or “zeer”, a refrigerating device that does not use electricity, to people in rural areas. He is a recipient of the Rolex Award for Enterprise, an award that provided $75,000 which Mohammed used to produce and distribute his invention in 11 northern states in Nigeria. Mohammed developed his pot-in-pot refrigerator by combining the knowledge he had gained from his grandmother’s craft of traditional pottery with simple laws of physics. He followed up on the idea by placing food in a small pot, which is then placed in a larger pot. The space between the two is filled with moist sand and a wet cloth cover is used to cover the whole set up. As the water in the moist sand evaporates through the larger pot, it carries heat away from the inner core of the whole set up.
Mohammed holds no patent on this invention because the pot making business is not new. What is novel is the fact that he set up a local production facilities to provide the pot-in-pot for the cost of $2 (N320) for the smaller pot-in-pot refrigerator and $4 (N640) for the bigger versions. The invention allows perishable food to extend their spoilage rate. For example, meat can be stored in it for up to two weeks instead of a few hours.
14. Olu Atanda
He is credited with the co-invention of a self-lubricating layer for a data-storage device and disk and holds the following patents at the USPTO.
Self-lubricating layer for data storage devices, United States Patent No. 6,677,105, January 13, 2004.
Self-lubricating layer for a data storage disk, United States Patent No. 6,430,114, August 6, 2002.
15. Brino Gilbert
He is credited with the invention of the Counter Collision Gadget (CCG), a device that has the capacity to prevent accidents on the road, air, sea and rail. The invention earned him many awards including a bronze medal in the Aerospace/Aeronautics category at the May 2003 edition of the Invention and New Product Exposition (INPEX) in the United States. He also received a silver medal in the manufacturing category and a trophy for being the best invention from Africa in the continental category
Bio: Gilbert is a Nigerian physicist from Edo State. He spent 10 years seeking government attention for his research and approached several groups and individuals for sponsorship. His vision is to make CCG exportable to many countries of the world.
16. Emeka Nchekwube
He is credited with the co-invention of the following:
*.Hypoestoxides, derivatives and agonists thereof for use as stent-coating agents, U.S. Patent no. 7229979
*.Hypoestoxides, derivatives and agonists thereof for use of antiparasitic agents Patent no. 6242484
*.Terfenadine oral powder, U.S. Patent no. 5455049
*.Solutions of pentamidine, U.S. Patent no. 4,853,416
Bio: Emeka Nchewube is a Nigerian-born Neurosurgeon who currently lives and practices in the United States. He was born in Lagos, Nigeria and earned his Bachelors degree in chemistry from Central Michigan University. He attended Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit where he also finished his Neurosurgery residency. He is board certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgeons and is a member of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. He is also a member of the San Jose Surgical Society, the American Medical Association, and the California Association of Neurological Surgeons

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